Communication

World’s first telephone & amazing facts

A telephone is a telecommunications system that enables two or more users when they are too far away to be heard directly to hold a conversation. A telephone transforms sound, the human voice usually and most effectively, into electronic signals that are transmitted to another telephone through cables and other communication channels, which reproduces the sound to the receiving user.  The word is derived from Greek: the distant voice (tēle, far) and φ ⁇ vή (phōnē, voice), meaning distant voice, together. Telephone, which came into use almost immediately after the first patent was granted.

Alexander Graham Bell was the first to be awarded a U.S. patent in 1876 for a technology that created a second device with a clearly intelligible replication of the human voice. Many others evolved this tool further and quickly became invaluable in industry, government, and households. A microphone (transmitter) to talk into and an earphone (receiver) that reproduces the voice in a distant location are the basic elements of a telephone.

In addition, most telephones have a ringer to announce an incoming telephone call, and a dial or keyboard to enter a telephone number when a call to another telephone is initiated. Typically, the receiver and transmitter are mounted into a handset that is held during conversation up to the ear and mouth. The dial can be placed either on the handset or on the base device that is attached to the handset. The transmitter transforms the sound waves into electrical signals that are transmitted to the receiving phone via a telecommunications network, which converts the signals into audible sound.

Amazing facts about worlds first telephone

The original telephone greeting was “Ahoy.”  ‘ahoy’ was suggested by Alexander Graham Bell (as used in ships), but was later superseded by Thomas Edison, who instead proposed ‘hello.’

The very first call on the phone was, “Watson, come here, I want you!”. It was developed by Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant Thomas A. Watsonon in Boston, Massachusetts, on March 10, 1876.

Morse code for ‘SMS’ is the memorable Nokia tone to receive SMS text messages. Similarly, the ‘Ascending’ tone is Morse code for ‘Connecting People’ (Nokia’s slogan) and ‘Normal’ is Morse code for ‘M’ (Message).

The telephone patent was modestly titled ‘Improvement in Telegraphy’ by Bell.

Hitler’s home phone number was Berlin 11 6191, according to the 1945 version of Who’s Who.

All the phones stopped ringing for one full minute as a salute to Alexander Graham Bell when he died in 1922. (14 million telephones in US and canada were affected).

The first phonebook in history had a length of only one page.

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